How do we know the Bible is true?

The Bible consists of 66 books (39 Old Testament and 27 New Testament) written by approximately 40 authors in a span of approximately 1,600 years. Christians believe the Bible is the inerrant, infallible, and complete Word of God. We believe the Bible contains the ultimate truths of every aspect of life, and from it we obtain our beliefs and our doctrine. So how can we know, without a shadow of doubt, that the bible is 100% true? Are there any signs in the text that prove its divine origin? Let’s explore and see.

Prophesies of Jesus Christ

To understand the significance of prophesy, it is important to understand the chronology of the Bible. In other words, it is important to understand the time frame of when the text was written.

It is estimated that the entire Old Testament canon, from Genesis to Malachi, was written in the time period of approximately 1500 BC to 400 BC. Biblical evidence aside, virtually all modern scholars believe that Jesus Christ was a real historical figure, and He lived in the early part of the 1st century AD. The point to remember is that Jesus lived well after the Old Testament canon had been written.

There are over 300 fulfilled prophesies of Jesus Christ in the Old Testament, but for brevity let’s examine just 10 of them:

1. Born of a Virgin

  • Prophesied:

“Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.” – Isaiah 7:14 KJV

  • Fulfilled:

“Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost . . . And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS.” – Matthew 1:18, 25 KJV

2. Seed of Abraham

  • Prophesied:

“And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice.” – Genesis 22:18 KJV

  • Fulfilled:

“The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.” – Matthew 1:1 KJV

3. Born in Bethlehem

  • Prophesied:

“But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.” – Micah 5:2 KJV

  • Fulfilled:

“Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem” – Matthew 2:1 KJV

4. He Shall Be a Prophet

  • Prophesied:

“I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him.” – Deuteronomy 18:18 KJV

  • Fulfilled:

“And the multitude said, This is Jesus the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee.” – Matthew 21:11 KJV

5. He Shall Be a Priest

  • Prophesied:

“The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.” – Psalm 110:4 KJV

  • Fulfilled:

“Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus” – Hebrews 3:1 KJV

“So also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee. As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.” – Hebrews 5:5-6 KJV

6. He Shall Be a King

  • Prophesied:

“Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.” – Psalm 2:6 KJV

  • Fulfilled:

“And set up over his head his accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.” – Matthew 27:37 KJV

7. He Shall Judge

  • Prophesied:

“For the LORD is our judge, the LORD is our lawgiver, the LORD is our king; he will save us.” – Isaiah 33:22 KJV

  • Fulfilled:

“I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me.” – John 5:30 KJV

8. He Would Be Preceded By a Messenger

  • Prophesied:

“The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.” – Isaiah 40:3 KJV

  • Fulfilled:

“In those days came John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judaea, And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” – Matthew 3:1-2 KJV

9. Rejected By His Own People

  • Prophesied:

“He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.” – Isaiah 53:3 KJV

  • Fulfilled:

“For neither did his brethren believe in him.” – John 7:5 KJV

10. His Side Pierced

  • Prophesied:

“And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.” – Zechariah 12:10 KJV

  • Fulfilled:

“But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.” – John 19:34 KJV

Psalm 22

A short analysis of Psalm 22 reveals a remarkable parallel with the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. Keep in mind that Psalm 22 was written centuries before Jesus Christ ever walked the earth.

  • Prophesied:

“(To the chief Musician upon Aijeleth Shahar, A Psalm of David.) My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? why art thou so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring? . . . For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet . . . They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture” – Psalm 22:16 KJV

  • Fulfilled:

“And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots.” – Matthew 27:35 KJV

“And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?” – Matthew 27:46 KJV

Isaiah 40:22

“It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in” – Isaiah 40:22 KJV

An interesting phrase used in this verse is “circle of the earth.” Why is this significant?

At the time Isaiah was written (approximately between 739 BC and 687 BC), the widely held belief in Mesopotamian mythology was that the earth was flat. The first Greek philosopher attributed to questioning the flat-earth belief was Pythagoras. Pythagoras lived from 570 BC to 495 BC, over 100 years after the writing of Isaiah. The concept of a spherical earth was not even considered mainstream until the 3rd century BC. This evidence further demonstrates the divine origin of Scripture.

Conclusion

There are a plethora of reasons why Christians believe the Bible to be absolute truth. This article only presents just a handful, but they are examples of why we can trust the Bible and its divine inspiration as the Word of God.